Wall Government Reverses Decision For Stripping in Bars; Man Tears Flow

Via CBC Saskatchewan

After making stripping in bars legal last year, Premier Brad Wall says he wants to reverse course.

Wall announced Wednesday the Saskatchewan Party government will amend the liquor laws, again, to make stripping illegal in bars.

It was only in January 2014, that Saskatchewan ended a decades-long ban on nude dancing in places that serve alcohol.

“I believe that the government of Saskatchewan made a mistake last year when we allowed licensed strip clubs in the province,” Wall said. “I made a mistake and so I’m announcing today that we are reversing that decision.”

Under the previously amended rules, total nudity was still outlawed, but dancers could strip down to pasties.

A bar in Codette, Sask., may have been the first to offer legal strip shows under the new rules in 2014. (Ryan Pilon/CBC)

Now, that change is going to be reversed. The concern is over the exploitation of women in such establishments.

“Let’s make sure we’re not allowing for any opportunity for organized crime to increase its footprint or for there for ever to be an increase in human trafficking that we know is happening,” Wall said.

Wall said that any possible links to human trafficking and organized crime are too serious to turn a blind eye.

The change can be made in a matter of weeks.

Regina City Council recently rejected a proposal for a strip bar in an industrial area after establishing zoning rules. A Christian group applauded the move, although others thought the city had no right to reject a legal business that followed all the rules.

The many johns and pimps in the comment section are already getting their nut-sacks in a twist over this decision. As if, not being allowed to drink and oogle at impoverished, desperate women forced to take their clothes off for perverted DRUNK strangers is a human rights violation! The horror! The poor deflated penises! *cries*


Taking Action

Elisabeth de Mariaffi

***Please be aware that this post discusses a recent violent crime. Details may be upsetting. images

As a woman in this country, sometimes I think the real question is: When do we start rioting? Earlier this week Ontario resident Bradley Barton was acquitted in the murder of Cindy Gladue, an Aboriginal sex worker. Gladue died four years ago, in a hotel bathtub in Edmonton. Barton is the one who called it in. He told 911 operators that he’d found an unknown woman dead in his hotel bathroom, but CCTV later revealed that Barton and Gladue had spent time together over the previous two evenings. In court, Barton pleaded that her death was accidental, a result of rough sex. Gladue bled to death, caused by an eleven-centimetre stab wound along the right side of her vagina. Acting chief medical examiner Graeme Dowling testified that considerable force would have been needed to cause the wound.

No one consents to…

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On the Anniversary of the Salem Witch Trials

I will admit I had no idea that today was the very day that the infamous Salem Witch Trials began and that is the sad part. This part of history is not known among many people and mostly they will brush off events such as this as “events from a barbaric past.” Witch trials still happen albeit the people who are accused are called very different names other then “witch.” The Red Scare, both in Canada and the U.S, were like the Salem Witch Trials only the accused were called “communist, socialist, anarchist, feminist” instead of “witch.”

As I read through the timeline of the Salem Witch Trials I could feel a heavy stone in my stomach. One by one, these women were put on trial with a simple accusation. No evidence needed, not even a child was safe from these accusations. Whether these women were witches is not the main point and I would be uncomfortable with slapping a label on people who cannot say who they were. Calling this a “witch trial” also washes away the fact that the majority of the accused were women, this should be indicator of at least the deep seated hatred for women that the accusers allowed to stew inside. Unfortunately, if these women were to be freed they would have to accuse another woman of witchcraft. This happens in our current time as well, women throwing each other under the bus to save themselves from male violence. That moment of freedom may have been great but an innocent life was the price to be paid. It deeply saddens me that this mentality has never left no matter how much those in power will claim otherwise. These women were the victims of patriarchal paranoia and ignorance and they should be remembered as such.

Timeline for the Salem Witch Trials:

♠ Naumkeag is settled by a group of settlers led by Roger Conant, after they abandoned their original settlement in Gloucester. Conant serves as the settlement’s governor.

♣ John Endicott and a group of settlers from the New England Company arrive with a patent from England that gives them legal rights to Naumkeag. Conant peacefully surrenders control of Naumkeag to Endicott.

♣ Naumkeag is renamed Salem in honor of the peaceful agreement between Endicott and Conant. The settlement soon develops into two sections: an agricultural area where the lower class live, known as Salem Village, and a more urban area where the upper class live, known as Salem town.

♠ The British government makes witchcraft a capital offense.

Massachusetts Bay Colony Charter is revoked.

November 1689:
♠ Samuel Parris is named new the minister of Salem.

October 1691:

♠ Residents of Salem town disapprove of Parris, who denounces them as greedy and unpuritan-like, and try to force him out of Salem. Salem villagers support him. The hostility creates tension in the colony.
♠ The British government issues a new charter for the colony. The new charter places many restrictions on the colony, also causing tension amongst the colonists.

January 1692:
Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams begin to have fits and exhibit strange behavior. Soon Ann Putnam Jr. and other Salem village girls begin displaying similar behavior.

February 1692:
♠ Doctors are unable to determine the cause of the strange behavior and suggests the girls are under the influence of Satan.
Tituba bakes a witch cake made from rye and the girl’s urine to discover the name of the witch that has cursed them.
♠ The girls accuse three women, Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne, of witchcraft. Arrest warrants are issued for the women.

March 1 1692:
♠ Judge John Hathorne and Judge Jonathan Corwin examine Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne.
♠ Tituba confesses to working for the devil and states there are many witches in Salem.

March 12 1692:
♠ Martha Corey is accused of witchcraft by Ann Putnam Jr.

March 19 1692:
Rebecca Nurse is accused of witchcraft by Edward and John Putnam after a number of land disputes with the Putnam family in Salem Village.

March 21 1692:
♠ Martha Corey is examined by Judge Hathorne and Judge Corwin.

March 23 1692:
♠ Four-year-old Dorcas Good, daughter of Sarah Good, is accused of witchcraft by Ann Putnam and Mary Walcott and arrested.

March 24 1692:
♠ Rebecca Nurse is examined by Judge Hathorne and Judge Corwin.

March 26 1692:
♠ Elizabeth Proctor is accused of witchcraft by Mercy Lewis.

April 3 1692:
♠ Rebecca Nurse’s sister, Sarah Cloyce, is accused of witchcraft after defending her sister.

April 4 1692:
Elizabeth Proctor is accused of witchcraft by Mercy Lewis, Abigail Williams, John Indian, Mary Walcott and Ann Putnam.

April 11 1692:

♠ Elizabeth Proctor is examined by Judge Thomas Danforth at the Salem Village meetinghouse.
John Proctor is indicted on charges of witchcraft during Elizabeth’s examination after he is accused by Abigail Williams and Mary Walcott.

April 18 1692:
Bridget Bishop, Abigail Hobbs, Mary Warren and Giles Corey are accused of witchcraft by many of the Salem Village girls and arrested.

April 19 1692:
♠ Bridget Bishop, Abigail Hobbs, Mary Warren and Giles Corey are examined.
♠ Abigail Hobbs confesses.

April 22 1692:
♠ Edward and Sarah Bishop, Mary Easty, Nehemiah Abbott, William and Deliverance Hobbs, Mary Black, Mary English and Sarah Wildes are arrested on charges of witchcraft and examined by Judge Hathorne and Judge Corwin.
♠ Nehemiah Abbott is cleared of all charges.

May 2 1692:
♠ Dorcas Hoar, Lydia Dustin, Sarah Morey and Susannah Martin are arrested on charges of witchcraft and examined by Judge Hathorne and Judge Corwin.

May 4 1692:
♠ George Burroughs is accused of witchcraft by several girls and arrested in Wells, Maine.

May 9 1692:
♠ George Burroughs is examined by Judge Hathorne, Judge Corwin, Judge Sewall, and Judge William Stoughton. Sarah Churchill, one of the afflicted girls, is also examined.

May 10 1692:
♠ George Jacobs Sr. and his granddaughter Margaret Jacobs are arrested on charges of witchcraft and examined by Judge Hathorne and Judge Corwin.
♠ Margaret Jacobs confesses and testifies that both her grandfather and father are witches.
Sarah Osborne dies in prison.

May 14 1692:
♠ Increase Mather returns from England with the new charter and new governor, Sir William Phips.

May 18 1692:
♠ Mary Easty is released from prison but arrested a second time after her accusers protested her release.
Roger Toothaker is accused of witchcraft by Elizabeth Hubbard, Ann Putnam Jr. and Mary Walcott and arrested.

May 24 1692:
♠ Mary Toothaker is accused of witchcraft by Mary Warren and Mary Ireson.

May 27 1692:
♠ Governor Phips sets up a special Court of Oyer and Terminer to hear the witchcraft cases.
♠ Several judges are appointed to the Court of Oyer and Terminer: Lieutenant Governor William Stoughton, Nathaniel Saltonstall, Bartholomew Gedney, Peter Sergeant, Samuel Sewall, Waitstill Winthrop, John Richards, John Hathorne, and Jonathan Corwin.

June 2 1692:
May 31 1692:
John Alden Jr., Martha Carrier, Elizabeth Howe, Wilmott Redd and Phillip English are examined by Judge Hathorne, Judge Corwin, and Judge Gedney.

♠ Bridget Bishop pronounced guilty of witchcraft and condemned to death.
♠ After Bridget Bishop’s trial, Nathaniel Saltonstall resigns from the court and is replaced by Judge Corwin.

June 10 1692:
♠ Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows hill in Salem. Her hanging is the first official execution of the Salem witch trials.

June 16 1692:
♠ Roger Toothaker dies in prison.

June 29-30 1692:
♠ Susannah Martin, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Good, Elizabeth Howe and Sarah Wildes are tried for witchcraft and condemned.

July 19 1692:
♠ Susannah Martin, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Good, Elizabeth Howe, and Sarah Wildes are hanged at Gallows hill in Salem.

July 22 1692:
♠ Martha Emerson, daughter of Roger Toothaker, is accused of witchcraft by Mary Warren and Mary Lacey Jr.

July 23 1692:
♠ John Proctor writes a letter to the Boston clergy describing the torture used against the accused and asks for the Salem Witch Trials to be moved to Boston.
♠ Martha Emerson is arrested and examined by Judge Gedney.

July 30 1692:
♠ Mary Toothaker is examined by Judge Gedney, Judge Hathorne, Judge Corwin and Judge Higginson.

August 2-6 1692:
♠ George Burroughs, George Jacobs Sr., Martha Carrier, John and Elizabeth Proctor, and John Willard are tried for witchcraft and condemned.

August 19 1692:
♠ John Proctor, George Jacobs Sr., George Burroughs, Martha Carrier, and John Willard are hanged on Gallows Hill.

August 20, 1692:
♠ Margaret Jacobs recants her testimony against her grandfather George Jacobs Sr. and George Burroughs.

September 3 1692:
Margaret Prince and Elizabeth Dicer of Gloucester are accused of witchcraft by the Salem village girls and arrested.

September 9 1692:
♠ Mary Easty, Martha Corey, Ann Pudeator, Alice Parker, Mary Bradbury and Dorcas Hoar are tried and condemned.

September 13 1692:
Joan Penney of Gloucester is accused of witchcraft by Zebulon Hill.

September 17 1692:
♠ Wilmott Redd, Mary Parker, Margaret Scott, Samuel Wardwell, Rebecca Eames, Abigail Faulkner, Mary Lacy, Abigail Hobbs and Ann Foster are tried and condemned.

September 19 1692:
♠ Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to enter a plea.

September 21 1692:
♠ Dorcas Hoar confesses. Her execution is delayed.
♠ Joan Penney is arrested on charges of witchcraft.

September 22 1692:
♠ Martha Corey, Alice Parker, Margaret Scott, Ann Pudeator, Mary Easty, Samuel Wardwell, Wilmott Redd and Mary Parker are hanged at Gallows hill. These are the last hangings to take place during the Salem Witch Trials.

November 3 1692:October 29 1692:
♠ Governor Phips dissolves the Court of Oyer and Terminer.

Rebecca Dike, Esther Elwell and Mary Rowe of Gloucester are accused of witchcraft and arrested.

November 14, 1692:
♠ Sarah Noyes Hale, wife of Reverend John Hale, is named as a witch but is never formally charged or arrested.

November 25 1692:
♠ The General Court of the colony creates the Superior Court to try the remaining witchcraft cases.

January 1693:
♠ 49 of the 52 remaining accused witches in jail are released because their arrests were based on spectral evidence.

May 1693:
♠ Governor Phips pardons the remaining accused in jail.

January 14 1697:
♠ The General Court orders a day of fasting for the victims of the Salem Witch Trials. The day of fasting takes place the following day. Judge Samuel Sewall publicly apologizes for his role in the Salem Witch Trials.

♠ Minister Samuel Parris is replaced by Joseph Green.

♠ The General Court declares the 1692 trials illegal.

♠ Ann Putnam Jr. publicly apologizes for her role in the Salem Witch Trials.

♠ The colony passes a bill restoring the rights and good names of the accused and grants £600 in restitution to the victim’s heirs. Some of the victim’s families do not wish to be named in the bill and do not seek restitution.

♠ Salem Village is renamed Danvers. Salem town keeps the name Salem.

♠ Massachusetts formally apologizes for the events of 1692 and clears the name of “One Ann Pudeator and certain other persons.”

November 1991:
♣ Town officials announce the winning design for a new Salem Witch Trials memorial. Playwright Arthur Miller gives a speech at the announcement ceremony and reads from the last act of “The Crucible.”

August 1992:
♠ On the 300th anniversary of the Salem Witch Trials, The Salem Witch Trials Memorial, designed by James Cutler, is dedicated by Nobel Laureate Eli Wiesel.

♠ The Massachusetts legislature amends the 1957 apology and officially exonerates five victims not named in the 1711 bill or the 1957 apology: Bridget Bishop, Susannah Martin, Alice Parker, Wilmot Redd and Margaret Scott.

– See more at: http://historyofmassachusetts.org/timeline-of-the-salem-witch-trials/#sthash.4DiQbYD5.dpuf

Why I Think The Down Syndrome Baby Story is Horseshit

It seems that mainstream media will sensationalize anything that a man does even if it is the most menial thing, such as feeding their children or not running over a family of ducks, even if that man has done it for very selfish and egotistical reasons. He will be considered a hero across the board and everyone will adore him for doing the bare minimum for either his community or his family; he is allowed to make severe mistakes and he will receive sympathetic pats on the head. A mother can forget to feed her child for one day on a mad dash to get her child to a daycare and to her job and she will be seen as a horrible mother; she will be subjected to a societal witch-trial and everyone will wag their finger at her, telling her what a monster she is for forgetting to feed her child.

I am not going to focus on the child in this circumstance, not because I don’t think he is important but because the whole media storm was never about the child. The whole thing was about how “brave” and “sweet” the father, Samuel Forrest, is for taking on the role as a single parent while the mother, you know the woman that had to carry the baby inside her for nine months, gets the Salem Witch Trials treatment for wanting to give the child up for adoption. There are various reasons why women would give up their child for adoption or give the child to someone else and the fact that the mother is not given a chance to have her side of the story heard is another example of mother-hate. We never hear what the mother has to say, we only hear the father’s side and apparently that is good enough for the media and everyone else. Mothers have to give up their friends, free time, and peace of mind when they become mothers while fathers can do a very small task and people will congratulate him on being a great father.

One has to wonder if Forrest would be so gung-ho about raising his son if the mother didn’t want to give up the child for adoption and that they did not need huge sums of money? Would the situation be any different if it was the other way around? Would people applaud the mother for being so “brave” to raise a disabled child on her own and would they gladly give her donations if she set up a GoFundMe? What about if the father wanted to give the child up for adoption? We all know the answer to these questions and for those who may not know the answer, The answer would be a huge “no.” The mother would be vilified as some “money-hungry leech” who should be ashamed of herself for asking for a hand-out. As many single mothers will say, they get berated and put down for even the slightest complaint about their plight; to be the pariah in a society that hates her and every mother for the smallest mistake.

The father can be a bumbling fool and people will still love him, a single father is seen as a God who must never be questioned or criticized. I am not going to make assumptions on Forrest’s character as I do not know the man but his actions toward his ex-wife; how he is soaking up all the media attention without allowing the mother to have her moment to tell her side is very questionable. We may never get to hear that side but it’s expected and that is the sad part of this story.

Ben Moynihan is Not The First (Or The Last)

No woman is safe from the harms of male violence and it is incredibly disappointing that society still wants to paints these acts of violence as merely “individual” instead of acts that are part of the system; a system in which encourages men to terrorize women when they do not get what they want from women. A rapist can say that he hates all women but the act of rape itself against women is still not seen as a hate crime. It is disturbing that men like Ben Moyhihan will only be seen as a “crazy individual” and not one of the many men who are so deeply indoctrinated by patriarchy (our current system) that the denial seems to be of extreme magnitude in comparison. Here is BBC News’s report on the attack:

“Ben Moynihan, 18, admits wounding the women – who were stabbed in random attacks – but denies attempted murder.

Winchester Crown Court was told that he wrote: “I am still a virgin, everyone is losing it before me, that’s why you are my chosen target.”

The attacks happened in Portsmouth in June and July 2014.

Three women, aged 20, 45 and 66, sustained serious but not life-threatening injuries in separate attacks by a stranger in Cosham and Hilsea.

‘Smell the flesh’

Kerry Maylin, prosecuting, said that Mr Moynihan – of Knightstone Court, Portsmouth – left two letters for police.

One, placed on a police van, said: “All women need to die and hopefully next time I can gouge their eyes out.

“Every time I stab someone I like to go home and smell the flesh I have ripped out. Come and arrest me for God’s sake before I hunt for my fourth victim.”

He also wrote: “I was planning to murder, mainly women, as an act of revenge because the life they gave me.”

Mr Moynihan had included a photograph of himself, which led to his arrest as officers recognised him on the street.

In another letter he wrote: “When women won’t talk to you it’s heartbreaking, why are they fussy with men nowadays?

“As I roam these streets, hungry for blood and pain, I am greeted with attack, attack, attack, attack.”

Ms Maylin said videos were found on Mr Moynihan’s laptop in which he said: “I am still a virgin at 17 and why do women have to be fussy with choosing a boyfriend or cheating on men with others?

“I attack women because I grew up to believe them a more weaker part of the human breed.”

Mr Moynihan also faces alternative charges of wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily, which he also denies.

He admits wounding the three women.

The trial continues.”

So the man can admit to hating women and severely harm them but will he still be seen as a “lone wolf”? The mind boggles as to why these men easily adopt this type of behavior without anyone noticing.

Raping Immigrant Women is Now Considered “Sexy”

I have never thought that the Sexploitation industry would reach such a horrifying low but they continually keep surprising me. No woman is spared from the polluted, perverted hands of the sexploitation industry; if they want to continually use words like “empowered” to describe the women that are enslaved in this industry they better explain to all of us how exactly this series called Border Sex Patrol, in which “border patrol officers” (males, of course) would rape “undocumented” Central American and Mexican women who were caught crossing the American/Mexican border, is “empowering” for any woman.  It would be interesting to see them squirm as they try to argue that the porn industry is not racist/homophobic/misogynistic and a series like this is not representative of the entire industry.

Which would be a good argument except that this series was released by one of the biggest porn companies in the world, the corporation is owned by a company called Mindgeek. In the comment section of the article from PolicyMic there are people that are already defending this series in the following quotes:

Damn got me all excited about what sounded like some GREAT new porn and then going on to tell me the website is now inaccessible……what a waste of time…..lol sorry, yeah everyone knows rape is bad but there’s just something great about rape porn. #JustBeingHonest

Don’t like it? Don’t watch it. It is very simple. Do I find it particularly tasteful? No. But I find moralists even more distasteful. This kind of article is why the UK just banned things like bondage, face sitting, whipping, spanking, squirting, etc etc from porn. Fucking ridiculous. Let consensual people do whatever the hell they want on and off camera… it really is none of your business.

Immigrants are not raped because porn was created depicting them being raped. INSTEAD… this porn was created because it ALREADY happens in real life. Fix the real life issues, don’t try to censor porn that you don’t like.

Then don’t watch it. It will disappear. As long as no one is actually harmed and everybody is paid, yeah, you do have to be a prude to want something completely legal that you find personally reprehensible stopped.

I’m sure born again Christians feel the same way about gay porn and with no more moral justification then you have. Stick a sock in it, preacher man, I dumped your kind long ago.

If people seriously think that this type of disgusting garbage is defensible then it says more about how they view women then how much they claim to care about women. This porn series will only justify the act in the rapist’s mind and I think it is inexcusable to use ridiculous arguments in this situation. I honestly don’t care if the women in this series “chose” to do this, what I am more concerned about is what would result from something like this. I suggest that those who are defending this crap think about how the oppressors have used media to justify their hatred against women, LGBT, and people of color for as long as media has existed. I want them to know that media of this type and letting it go abetted HAS consequences.








I Am a Feminist and I Stand With “Jackie”

The magazine known as “Rolling Stone” has come under fire recently for a story that they published about the rape epidemic on college campuses specifically University of Virginia. According to Rolling Stone the reporter who wrote the story, Sabrina Rubin Erderly, who decided that it was best to respect the victim’s wishes and not ask the alleged rapists about their perspective on the allegations, did not do what a reporter was “supposed to do” and that was to ask the alleged rapists for “their side.” Every woman knows that men who have raped a woman will most certainly deny any allegations and spew anti-woman lies about the victim to boot. The concept of respecting the victim did not seem to be enough for those who want to remain “neutral” with rape allegations because they accused the victim of “lying” and then the witch-hunt for “Jackie” began in full force.

Not only did Rolling Stone throw “Jackie” under the bus to save their own asses but they also sent a reminder to all rape victims that if they do not have allegations that are “believable” that woman not only deserves the scorn but she is also a “whore.” Hanna Rosin from Slate reports that trolls and other anti-woman scum, like Charles C. Johnson, are already on the hunt for her and think they have found the “culprit.” She says

If Johnson has his way, the next few days are likely a significant setback for the cause of encouraging women to report sexual assaults. Johnson tweeted Jackie’s full name on Sunday and wrote that he would give Jackie until midnight “to tell the truth” or else he will “start revealing everything about her past.” (It is unclear if Johnson actually knows anything “about her past” or is making idle, but dangerous, threats.) Others are already a few steps ahead of him, posting pictures from Jackie’s Facebook feed—and even her mother’s Facebook feed—and adding nasty captions.

One thing needs to be made clear in the case of rape victims and the trauma that will often result from rape; just because the victim’s story may be contradictory or it may seem like a falsehood that does not mean she is lying. Trauma has a way of messing with the brain and especially the memory. As this report from US National Library of Medicine shows that people who suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder are diagnosed by the following symptoms or signs:

“PTSD is characterized by specific symptoms, including intrusive thoughts, hyperarousal, flashbacks, nightmares, and sleep disturbances, changes in memory and concentration, and startle responses. Symptoms of PTSD are hypothesized to represent the behavioral manifestation of stress-induced changes in brain structure and function. Stress results in acute and chronic changes in neurochemical systems and specific brain regions, which result in longterm changes in brain “circuits,” involved in the stress response.”

With all of this knowledge about disorders on the internet available for everyone with an internet connection to access, one would think that people would start to think that maybe the trauma of that rape has effected Jackie’s ability to recall the rape that has occurred. It seems easier to believe rape myths and to hate women for not conforming to the “perfect rape victim” mold then to accept that rape happens more and goes unreported. It is due to the relentless attack on women who are brave enough to come forward with rape allegations that they crawl back into the darkness they came out of, never to discuss their trauma or even call out the man who raped them ever again. No one would ever doubt the story of a person who was robbed with their windows smashed and their door busted in; so why is it even if a rape victim has all the evidence of the crime committed against her that no one will believe her or that she “asked for it”? Even if she sometimes retracts some details of the rape or even adds a detail that doesn’t mean that a rape did not happen to her. As mentioned before trauma can really affect your brain process and might even affect memories of that traumatic event. Why does no one take that into account when people are discussing rape? Why must anyone be “neutral” when rape happens on a daily business to women and is committed by men? The whole “false rape allegations” have been debunked numerous times in the past and so I will not waste my time in arguing against that point; there is plenty of information available concerning that ridiculous trope.

No woman should be forced to deal with the scrutiny that rape victims are forced to deal with if they ever decide to come forward with allegations of rape. We have seen too many stories of men, who are so obviously guilty, get away with rape and abuse; the victims are left to pick up the pieces that the rapist left behind and try to go on with life, knowing that the rape and abuse they have endured will remain burned into their minds. Even if the reporter did not ask the alleged rapists for comment they still had a responsibility to the victim to respect her wishes and that her humanity (and privacy) deserves to be respected.